There is more to looking young these days than just injections at the day spa and getting lip injections Scottsdale. Today there is a ton of science and research being done. Aging is one of the hottest topics in research. Some scientists that this process can be possibly reversed. In fact, some studies showed that the aging process may proceed into more than one direction. Meanwhile, one research conducted on mice with progeria indicated that a new form of gene therapy used in treating the animals made them look younger. The mice showed remarkable improvements, including straighter spins, improved cardiovascular health, more rapid healing and longer life span.
The therapy used in mice in the above study involved manipulation of adult mice cells and transforming them into specific types of stem cells, the induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. These cells can multiply and differentiate into any cells type. Current research are utilizing iPS cells for development of organs and limbs for patients. Meanwhile, a study conducted by Izpisua Belmonte was the first to use gene therapy in rewinding the clock of specific cells. In his study, Belmonte intermittently switched four genes in skin cells and transformed them into iPS cells.
THE FUTURE OF AGING RESEARCH
The findings of Belmonte’s research imply the possibility of reversing the aging process. However, further studies are still needed to achieve the same results on humans.
To clarify, rejuvenating treatments cannot lead to immortality, but with increasing number of scientific developments, other treatments may develop to slow down the internal clocks of cells and increase life expectancy of humans.
IMPORTANCE OF RESULTS OF AGING RESEARCH
Results of aging research have potential application in the field of health care. Inducement of iPS cells indicate that various cells of the body can be regenerated and thus can be used to address various health conditions.
Meanwhile, there are some things that must be considered when it comes to such research. First is that these studies are conducted inside laboratories, and their results are hard to replicate in real-life situations. Moreover, turning of similar genes in humans may not yield the same outcomes as those in mice. Thus, further studies should be conducted to confirm Belamonte’s results.
Technically, the human genetic material can be altered during embryonic stages. However, no studies have focused on this assumption yet.
Still, people should not lose hope as other research are currently centering on telomeres and their relationship to aging. Telomeres provide genetic materials with protection against damage that may cause cell death. However, telomeres shorten with increasing cell division. Thus, a number of scientists assume that telomeres play significant role in the aging process.